How the Health of Babies born with natural Delivery different than the Babies born with cesarean?


New Zealand (Infocorner Online) All the studies till to date on childbirth has found that babies born with the normal natural delivery have dramatic different nature of gastrointestinal bacteria over the babies born with C section. According to the British scientists in children's early age these microbes serve as a thermostat for their immune system. This explains why babies born through cesarean section have more health problems later in life.

Our whole body is an ecosystem in which half of our body cells are made up of microbes like bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Most of them are in our gastrointestinal tract and are collectively referred to as 'microbiomes'. These microbiomes are linked to diseases such as allergies, obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, and Parkinson's. These microbiomes also decide whether the cancer drugs will work or not, They also associated with depression and autism as well.

The study, by the Wellcome Sanger Institute, UCL, and the University of Birmingham, tried to find out, how the microbiome is formed when we came out of the womb and enters into a world full of germs. They continually collected the samples of the nappies of the newborn 600 babies for around a month and in some cases they took the samples of newborn babies stool for a year. This research has been published in the research journal Nature which shows that babies born naturally got most of the bacteria from their mothers.

But on the other hand, The children born from the C section, had high levels of hospital bugs such as Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. 

Dr. Trevor Lali from the Welcome Sanger Institute said "What surprised and terrified me, was the amount of healthcare bugs found in these children which could be 30% of their microbiome. But what intrigues me is that we have amazing data on the basis of which we must consider how we can properly shape the human system at the very beginning of birth. '

If you count all the cells in your body, then you would realize that you are more microbial than human because only 43% of your body is human, rest are microbiomes, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and unicellular organisms. The entire set of genetic instructions in the human genome is based on a maximum of 20,000 instructions and is called a gene. But when you combine all of your genes with the microbiome, there are twenty million microbial genes altogether. Our microbiome is also called ' second genome'.
But the question is all these details put any effect on a child's health? It is well known that babies born by cesarean section are at higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes, allergies, and asthma. The immune system, which is not functioning normally, can play a role in all of these. The difference of microbiomes between a naturally born baby and a baby born through an operation disappears over time and becomes equal until their first birthday.

The strong idea in this area is that the bugs (microbiomes) that first come into our body are very important for our immune system to recognize enemy and friend. Dr. Nigelfield, a UCL researcher, said: "The hypothesis is that the moment of birth may be a thermostat moment that determines our the future of the immune system ." The study, called the Baby Biome Project, will continue and monitor children since their births, and it is hoped that further clarification will emerge with this study.

Now the question is "Is there any way we can change baby's microbiome"The type of birth has the greatest effect on the microbiome of children, Previous research in this area has revealed the trend of 'vaginal sedation', under which mothers get the swab from their vagina and rub on the baby's body and mouth after C section. But recent research has found that even babies born naturally do not get much more vaginal bacteria than those born through operation.

Instead, more bacteria are passed from the contact with the mother's feces during labor. Researchers believe that getting vaginal seeding may put children at risk of a dangerous group B strep. In the future, it may be possible for a baby born through the operation to be given a mixture of good bacteria at birth so that they can get their start right in the world of germs.

Dr. Lally said: 'These are the bugs that belong to us and we belong to them. I am interested in finding out which microbes or germs are transmitted from mother to child. It's not just a coincidence, but these bugs grow deeply with humans."That's what we want to understand and protect from the mother-child relationship."

Dr. Allison Wright, vice president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecology, said that this discovery was very important but with this women should not hesitate to have cesarean. He said: 'In many cases, a cesarean is a life-saving method and maybe the right choice for the mother and the baby. The exact role of the microbiome in the newborn and the factors that alter it are not clear so far. Therefore, I believe that this research will not distract women from the C Section operation.

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